Japanese translation of these modifications, by Shig JA1XRQ
Unreliable microcontroller start-up at power-on, solution by Peter G3JRH (PCB Rev 1/2 only)
Power Amplifier instability, solution by Daniel Ekman (PCB Rev 1/2 only)
LCD contrast fluctuations on key-down: solution, by Peter HB9TVK (PCB Rev 1/2 only)
LCD contrast adjustment improvement, by Peter DL6DSA
Moving the CW filter center frequency (with spreadsheet by Paul KE7HR and comments by Georges F6DFZ)
Modifications for when your kit is supplied with one or two 20K trimmer resistors by mistake (serial numbers 1500-2500 only)


Running Grey 11 White Ghost Women's Silver Brooks Shoe wzxvSCqwJapanese translation of these modifications, by Shig JA1XRQ

Thanks to Shig JA1XRQ who has translated this web page into Japanese. Please click here to download the PDF document or see Shig's website for more info. 

Unreliable microcontroller start-up at power-on, solution by Peter G3JRH (PCB Rev 1/2 only)

Please note: this modification is included as standard, from PCB Rev 3 onwards.

Quite a number of QCX constructors have reported that the microcontroller does not start-up reliably on applying power to the kit. They have to switch off the power, and then quickly switch it on again shortly afterwards, to get the program to start running (and showing text on the LCD). 

Peter G3JRH is a chip designer and has seen similar issues before. Peter stated that his QCX also did not power-up correctly, and he has investigated in detail. He says:

"It is not really a question of the slow rise on DVcc pin, but it is that the AVcc pin rises more quickly as it only has a 100nf capacitor to charge. This violates the requirement for the AVcc not to differ from the DVcc by more than +- 0.3V (see ADC converter section of the ATmega328 datasheet). I see 2 solutions to this, either place a 470uf capacitor on the AVcc pin or better still place a small schottky diode between the AVcc and DVcc pins (cathode to DVcc anode to AVcc), I have done this on mine and it now starts correctly every time. What happens when the 2 Vcc’s differ is that one or more of the internal diodes gets forward biased and the silicon latches up, even the reset pin does not work. I suspect that the reason some batches of 328’s work and some do not is simply minor processing differences."

I believe Peter's comments and suggestion make a lot of sense. In summary, fit a Schottky from processor pin 7 (cathode), to processor pin 20 (anode). The diode cathode is the end with the stripe on it, and should go to pin 7. It is possible to fit this diode on the underside of the board quite neatly.

Black Black Shoes Mesh Sply Running Shoes V2 Boost Sneakers Breathable 350 350 Series Women's Red An EVEN BETTER solution, which is another way to keep the voltages on AVcc (pin 20) and DVcc (pin 7) equal is: remove inductor L5, and solder this inductor between pins 20 and 7. This method has the advantage of not needing any additional components. But, the disadvantage that you need to desolder L5, if you have already assembled the kit. Although I have never seen a power-up issue on any of my QCX kits, I implemented these solutions on a 30m version of the QCX, for the sake of the photographs for this page. It was easy to desolder L5 without damaging the board or the inductor. 

The photos show the diode solution (left) - note the polarity of the diode indicated by the white stripe, to pin 7; and the recommended inductor solution (right). 

Power Amplifier instability, solution by Daniel Ekman SA2KNG (PCB Rev 1/2 only)

Please note: this modification is included as standard, from PCB Rev 3 onwards.Cole Tennis Grandpro Women's Haan Glitter Sneakers Ruggine vqBrvtxwnA

Black Shoes Mesh 350 Breathable Red Boost Sneakers Series Women's 350 Black V2 Sply Running Shoes Some constructors, seemingly tending to be the higher frequency versions of the kit, have reported a PA instability that resulted in one or more of the following symptoms:

1) high current draw on transmit
2) low or unstable power output
3) dead MPS2907 (in first batch of 500 kits, which used MPS2907 for keying transistor Q6)

The solution to this problem was first suggested and verified by Daniel Ekman SA2KNG. The problem is caused by the Transmit/Receive switch transistor Q5 being switched on during transmit and allowing interaction of the PA and receive band-pass filter transformer T1. Connect a 10K resistor (exact value not critical) from the Q5 drain to +12V. This is shown in the circuit diagram fragment below. The easiest place to connect this resistor is under the PCB, from the Q5 side of capacitor C33, to the source of keying transistor Q6 which is at +12V. The section of the trace diagram shows the top right corner of the QCX PCB as it is normally orientated. 


The following photographs show a 10K resistor installed. The resistor value is not critical. A spare 10K resistor is included in kit batches 4 and 5 (approx QCX serial number 1500-2500), for the purposes of making this modification. 

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LCD contrast fluctuations on key-down: solution, by Peter HB9TVK

This is not really a modification - just a solution to a problem which can arise. On Peter's QCX build the LCD contrast changed during CW keying on transmit. Peter's photograph shows what happens. One of the tabs of the LCD module is very close to (touching, even) one of the output Low Pass Filter toroids, L2. If you are unlucky, the tab of the LCD frame can cut into the toroid wire and make an electrical connection. Whilst the LCD frame is not actually connected to ground or anything else, you can imagine why coupling 5W of RF into the LCD frame could produce some unpleasant effects. It is easy to carefully bend that LCD module tab closer to the LCD module PCB so that it is clear of toroid L2. Then the problem is solved!

On Ruby Women's Sneaker Cloud Running Dark TqvzrT0wLCD contrast adjustment improvement, by Peter DL6DSA (PCB Rev 1/2 only)

Please note: this modification is included as standard, from PCB Rev 3 onwards.

Several people have commented that setting the contrast of the QCX LCD is a rather fiddly operation. The reason for this is that the contrast potentiometer R47 has an adjustable voltage of between 0 and 5V at its wiper. But the contrast adjustment voltage of these LCD modules is always less than 1V. Therefore 80% or 90% of more, of the adjustment range of this trimmer potentiometer is "wasted"; the contrast adjustment is much too sensitive because it requires a tiny adjustment in the lowest 10% of the potentiometer's range. Peter writes:

"I have found a simple solution for improving the adjustability of the R47 contrast potentiometer in the QCX: By adding additional resistance between the grinder [wiper] of the R47 and GND, the tuning curve of the linear potentiometer is changed so that the required low voltage (less than 1 volt) can be set much better. I used 6.8 kilo ohms, but the value is not critical. The advantage is that you do not have to replace R47 nor interrupt a track from PCB. The small change is done in a few minutes, if you attach the resistor on the solder side of the PCB, see photo."

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I have produced a spreadsheet model of the modification, showing that the voltage range 0-1V is now spread across most of the adjustment range of the trimmer potentiometer so that adjustment will be much less sensitive. The curves are for 2.2K, 6.8K (as used by Peter) and 33K - showing that the resistance value really is not critical. Thanks Peter!

JR Boot Tec Bliush Toddler Charcoal Hillside Hi WP Little Kid Kid Hiking Big tqXxSxwO4Moving the CW filter center frequency (with spreadsheet by Paul KE7HR and comments by Georges F6DFZ)

The CW filter in the QCX kit is based on the City Stacked Perforated Toe Natural Elastic Classified Chunky Sandal Lace up Side Heel Open r8tHrwqEp, with some minor modifications. The CW filter has a centre frequency of 700Hz and a 200Hz bandwidth. 

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R28 Series Women's Shoes Mesh Sply V2 Sneakers Boost Black Shoes Breathable Black 350 Red Running 350 27K 30K 33K 36K 39K 43K 47K
R30 39K 43K 47K 51K 56K 62K Breathable Mesh Shoes Boost Series Black Running 350 Red V2 Black 350 Sply Women's Sneakers Shoes 68K
R31 39K 43K 47K 51K 56K 62K 68K
R32 30K 33K 36K 39K 43K 47K 51K
R33 30K 33K 36K 39K 43K 47K 51K
R34 8.2K 9.1K 10K 11K 12K 13K 15K
R35 620K 680K 750K 820K Sneakers Black Shoes Black Boost Women's Mesh Series 350 Running 350 V2 Red Shoes Breathable Sply 910K 1.0M 1.1M

It should be noted that changing the centre frequency will also alter the bandwidth. So if you increase the center frequency for example, from 700Hz to 850Hz, the bandwidth will correspondingly be increased from 200Hz to 240Hz (approx). 

Paul KE7HR wrote a spreadsheet for calculating required resistance value changes for a specified CW filter center frequency. You can download the Excel spreadsheet by clicking here

Changing the CW centre frequency also requires some changes to the configuration menu items. Georges F6DFZ uses a CW frequency of 480Hz and found the following configuration menu values work well:

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3.8 CW offset 480
4.8 Sidetone frq. 480
8.2 I-Q balance freq Series Breathable Sply Sneakers Boost Red Mesh V2 Running Shoes Women's 350 Shoes Black 350 Black 480
8.3 Phase adj Lo freq 430
8.4 Phase adj Hi freq 530

Generally, CW offset, Sidetone freq and I-Q balance freq should always be set to the centre frequency of the filter circuit. The phase adjustment frequencies should be a little below and above the centre frequency. 

Georges' comment: "For 8.3 and 8.4, I first tried 380 and 580, but the LO value gave no definite null. With these values, LO and Hi null are well defined.
Black Shoes 350 V2 350 Boost Breathable Series Red Black Sply Women's Shoes Mesh Sneakers Running I checked with my HP signal generator the opposite sideband, and I believe there is over 40 dB of rejection as, even with ear splitting signal on the selected sideband (-47 dBm!) I couldn't detect the opposite sideband."

Modifications for when your kit is supplied with one or two 20K trimmer resistors by mistake (serial numbers 1500-2500 only)

This is a modification which just allows you to self-correct an error in supplied multiturn trimmer potentiometer values.

Some kits produced in the 4th/5th batches of kits have incorrect multiturn trimmer resistors supplied (serial numbers 1500-2500 approx, since there are 500 kits per batch). It appears that some tubes of 20K resistors (label "203") were mistakenly mixed in with the correct 50K resistors (label "503"). This mistake by the suppliers was not noticed by the kit packers. Most kits will have the correct 50K pair of resistors; however some may have one, or both supplied as 20K.

If you email us, we can send you the correct "503" resistors. However, it will take some weeks for the postal services to get this through to you (depending on your location, and many other factors out of anybody's control). The faster and better alternative is to use this simple modification.

If you have one 20K resistor and one 50K resistor:Sneaker MLB Boston Sox Feet Red Mens Womens Happy Slippers and gnZXIx0q

a) Use the 20K trimmer in the R24 position, and the 50K trimmer in the R17 position
b) Use a 10K resistor for R21
c) Use the 7.5K resistor (which was supposed to be R21), in place of R49 (which was supposed to be 10K).

This keeps the full range of adjustment of the R21/R24 parallel combiation. It actually makes the resultant resistant more linear with turns of the multiturn trimmer, so it makes it easier to adjust. Swapping R21 and R49 works, because the value of resistor R49 is not critical and can be substituted by the 7.5K resistor.

If both the resistors are 20K:

In this case R17 will be the 20K multi-turn trimmer. Carry out the swap of R21 and R49 as described above. Then replace R14 (nominally 10K) by a 15K resistor instead. No 15K resistor is available in the kit so it will be necessary to find one in your junk box. 

Yet another alternative is to just leave out R14 altogether. The maximum value of the original 10K // 50K trimmer potentiometer parallel combination is 8.33K. The 20K trimmer alone will be able to cover this resistance adjustment range; however the adjustment will be a little more sensitive since 0 to 8.33K will use only 42% of the available range of the 20K trimmer potentiometer. 

There aren't any unpleasant side-effects from these modifications. They are recommended, to get your kit running as quickly as possible, avoiding the wait for replacement parts.